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An anti-aircraft training facility was established 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Sault Ste. Barrage balloons were installed, and early warning radar bases were established at five locations in northern Ontario (Kapuskasing, Cochrane, Hearst, Armstrong (Thunder Bay District), and Nakina) to watch for incoming aircraft.
Military personnel were established to guard sensitive parts of the transportation infrastructure.
A little over one year later, in January 1943, most of these facilities and defences were deemed excessive and removed, save a reduced military base at Sault Ste. The first Algerine-class minesweeper in the Royal Canadian Navy was named HMCS Sault Ste. It was laid down in 1942 and acted as a convoy in the Battle of the Atlantic. Marie became a flashpoint in the Meech Lake Accord constitutional debate when council passed a resolution declaring English as the city's official language The city had a sizable French-speaking population and these residents objected strongly to the council's action. Marie language resolution was not the first of its kind in Ontario, but the municipality was the largest to have passed such a resolution and the first to do so despite its sizable Franco-Ontarian population. Marie has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers that are moderated to some extent by Lake Superior.
Winters are cold but are milder than some inland places.
It was considered one community and part of Canada until after the War of 1812 and settlement of the border between Canada and the US at the Ste. The US prohibited British traders from operating in its territory, and the areas separated by the river began to develop as two communities, both named Sault Ste. After the visit of Étienne Brûlé in 1623, the French called it "Sault de Gaston" in honour of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the brother of King Louis XIII of France.
In 1668, French Jesuit missionaries renamed it as Sault Sainte Marie, and established a mission settlement (present-day Sault Ste. Later, a fur trading post was established and the settlement expanded to include both sides of the river. Marie is one of the oldest French settlements in North America.
It is the seat of the Algoma District and the third largest city in Northern Ontario, after Sudbury and Thunder Bay.
Since the late 1980s, Algoma has declared bankruptcy twice and laid off large numbers of workers.Citations dating back to 1600 use the sault spelling to mean a cataract, waterfall or rapids.In modern French, however, the words chutes or rapides are more usual.A cosmopolitan, mixed population of Europeans, First Nations peoples, and Métis lived at the village spanning the river.The city name originates from Saults de Sainte-Marie, archaic French for "Saint Mary's Falls", a reference to the rapids of Saint Marys River.
The average annual precipitation is 889 millimetres (35.0 in), which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year; February is the driest month, and the autumn months of September to November are the wettest months.