Dating old violins dahilan ng pagdating ng mga kastila sa pilipinas
Stradivari, one of history's most respected violin makers, lived in Cremona, in northern Italy, from 1644 to 1737.He crafted roughly 1,000 violins, including about 650 that have survived to this day.In the new study, he used similar techniques to examine how the "traits" of violins, or their shapes, changed over time."Really, violins are just a trait of human beings, just as plants have a trait," Chitwood told Live Science.This research has enabled me to use some of the same techniques that were used by the famous 17th and 18th Century Italian Masters with great tonal results.The elegant shape of the violin evolved over a period of 400 years, largely due to the influence of four prominent families of instrument makers, a new study finds.To assess the evolution of violin shapes, Chitwood relied on images from online sales of rare and valuable violins.By analyzing the outlines of the instruments, Chitwood found four main "blueprints" influenced by master instrument-making families, including Stradivari, the Italian Giovanni Paolo Maggini (1580-1630), the Italian Amati family and the Austrian Jacob Stainer (1617-1683).
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Researchers analyzed more than 9,000 violins, violas, cellos and double basses, and found that the shape of violins depended on the makers' family background, country of origin, the time period in which it was constructed, and how precisely the violins imitated the greats, such as the stringed instruments expertly crafted by Antonio Stradivari.
The first violins were made in Italy in the 16th century.
Some imitations are so exact that, in a separate study pitting new violins against the ones of the old masters, expert violin soloists could not distinguish between old and new violins.
The soloists also preferred the new violins to the old ones, surprising musicians everywhere, the study, published in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found."[Stradivarius] are exceptional violins, but they're not always the best violin," Chitwood said.
If made any larger, the viola would likely cause backaches in many viola players, he said."We wrongly decided that we're going to put them under our chin," Chitwood said.